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Stacy Fahrenthold, "Transnational Modes and Media: The Syrian Press in the Mahjar and Emigrant Activism During World War I", Mashriq & Mahjar 1, no. 1 (2013), pp. 30-54. 
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This article argues that during World War I, the Syrian and Lebanese periodical press in the American mahjar created new space for transnational political activism. In São Paulo, Buenos Aires, and New York City, diasporic journalists and political activists nurtured a new nationalist narrative and political culture in the press. In a public sphere linking mahjar to mashriq, what began with discussions about Ottoman political reform transformed into nationalist debate during the war. Intellectuals constructed and defined the “Syrian” and “Lebanese” national communities in the diaspora's newspapers, but the press also played an important practical role in promoting and shaping patterns of charity, remittances, and political activism towards the homeland. Using materials from this press, the article concludes that the newspaper industry's infrastructure enabled new patterns of political activism across the mahjar, but also channeled Syrian efforts into a complex alliance with France by the eve of the Mandate.
 
Tags: article, Mahjar, 2013
Tags: 2013, article, Mahjar

In Digital Archive

Alyn Desmond Hine, "Russian literature in the works of Mikhail Naimy", SOAS, University of London, 2011.
 
This thesis looks at the dialogue between the twentieth-century Lebanese writer, Mikhail Naimy, and Russian literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The term ‘dialogue’ is based on Bakhtin’s idea of a reciprocal and mutually interacting relationship between literary texts, which therefore rejects the notion of influence based on a perceived hierarchy of ‘national literatures.’ It examines the literary texts of a writer who was educated by the Russian organisation, the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society, in schools in Baskinta, Nazareth and Poltava. At the Poltava Seminary, Naimy became so immersed in the Russian language and culture that his teachers believed him to be as versed in Russian literature as any of his Slavic contemporaries. The thesis examines how Naimy’s love and interpretation of Russian literature was central to the creative trajectory he explored in Arabic literature in both New York and Lebanon, becoming an accomplished exponent of the art of the short story and critical essay, before he began to explore the possibilities of the novel and the drama. We analyse four key areas of Naimy’s writing, spirituality, politics, modes of expression and criticism, in order to ascertain how the dialogue with Russian literature manifested itself. By adopting an area-based study to the varied literary texts, we can consider how Naimy’s reading of Russian literature worked in correspondence with his own investigations into the tenets of theosophy, his socialist principles based on childhood experiences, the embracing of the short story and literary journal by the Syro-American literary circle in New York, and his style of criticism that was centred on an emotional response to literature rather than a textual analysis. The thesis also studies how Naimy’s relationship with Russian literature in these areas changed over the course of his long literary career.
 
Tags: 2011, MikhailNaimy, Russian, thesis

In Digital Archive

Suheil Badi Bushrui, “Kahlil the Heretic on Liberty: A new Translation from the Arabic”. al-Kulliyah, Summer 1969, pp. 12-14.

Tags: 1969, arabic, heretic, khalil, translation

In Digital Archive

Suheil Badi Bushrui, “Gibran and the Cedars”. al-Kulliyah, Winter 1973, pp. 10-12. 
Tags: 1973, article, SuheilBushrui

In Digital Archive

Suheil Badi Bushrui, "The Enduring Legacy of Kahlil Gibran", Odisea, 12, 2011, pp. 7-14.

Tags: 2011, article, SuheilBushrui

In Digital Archive

Suheil Badi Bushrui, “May Ziadeh”. al-Kulliyah, Winter 1972, pp. 16-19.

Tags: 1972, article, MayyZiyadah, translation

In Digital Archive

"AUB & Gibran Exhibition", American University of Beirut, Aug 17, 1972, p. 8. 
 
Kahlil Gibran International Exhibition, organized and assembled by S.B. Bushrui for the Gibran National Committee and the American University of Beirut, in collaboration with the Youth Committee of the World Lebanese Cultural Union, Beirut: the National Council for Tourism, 2-15 August 1972
Tags: 1972, AUB, beirut, GibranExibition

In Digital Archive

Professor Bushrui Explains Gibran's Centenary, American University of Beirut Bulletin, 25, 9, Mar 7, 1983, pp. 1-3,4.

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Kahlil Gibran Centenary: 1883-1983, organized by Suheil Bushrui and the special committee formed by the Council of Ministers, the American University of Beirut, January 1983
Tags: 1983, article, GibranCentenary, SuheilBushrui

In Digital Archive

Campaign to Establish Kahlil Gibran Chair in Literature - Kahlil Gibran Day, American University of Beirut Bulletin, 25, 9, Mar 13, 1983, pp. 1,3.

Tags: 1983, article, AUB, beirut, GibranDay

In Digital Archive

Lee Dunn, "The Expression of Experience: An Interview with Kahlil Gibran", The South End Historical Society, Boston, Massachusetts, Vol. 25. No. 2, Spring 1996, pp. 4-5,8.
Tags: 1996, Cousin, interview, kahlilgeorgegibran, Sculpture

In Digital Archive

Trevor Le Gassick, "Modern Arabic Prose Literature: An Introduction", Michigan University, Ann Arbor., Institute of International Studie, Washington, D.C., 1970.
 
Tags: 1970, Mahjar, report, thesis

In Digital Archive

Nessrine Naccach, "May Ziadé, pionnière téméraire du féminisme oriental", Atelier - Un Jour, une Parleuse», n°8, August, 2019.


Tags: 2019, article, french, MayyZiyadah

In Digital Archive

Daniela Rodica Firanescu, "Renewing Thought from Exile: Gibran on the New Era", Synergies - Monde arabe, n° 8, 2011, pp. 67-80.
 
One of the most renowned Arab “men of letters in exile” (‘udabā’al-mahğar) in his life time, and exceptionally famous post-mortem, Gibran Khalil Gibran (Ğubrān Ḫalīl Ğubrān) was a promoter of change and renewal of the socio-political situations in the Arab world at the beginning of the 20th century. While his effective political engagement has been subject to debate, the militant character of his literary writings is incontestable. This paper focuses on such renewing ideas expressed in Gibran’s correspondence, his literary works, and in some literary essays such as “The New Era” (Al-‘Ahd al-Ğadīd, included in Gibran’s last collection written in Arabic, “The New and the Marvellous” - Al-Badā’i‘ wa-l-Ṭarā’if - published in Egypt, in 1923). As we have now the perspective of about a century past since the publication of these reflections, we are being surprised by how Gibran’s thoughts may be read as if they were put down... today, in the context of the renewal wave now flowing through the Arab lands, with the crucial contribution of their youth. 


Tags: 2011, Al-Bada’i’-wa-altara'if, article, bestthingsandmasterpieces

In Digital Archive

Hüseyin Günday, Şener Şahin, Fadime Kavak, "Literary Influences of Gibran Khalil Gibran", International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, March, 2015, pp. 148-154.
 
Gibran Khalil Gibran, one of the earliest figures of Mahjar literature, is a notable Arab intellectual of Lebanese origin who influenced both Eastern and Western thinkers and luminaries thanks to mystic and philosophical thoughts crystallized in his literary works. Hereby study explores the roots of his philosophical and mystic ideas, duly reflected in his emotional literary works, in East and West. 


Tags: 2015, article, Mahjar

In Digital Archive

"The Poet Jawdat Haydar: An Outstanding Talent From Lebanon", The Educational Magazine, Special Issue, Dec 2011.
 
Tags: 2011, arabic, JawdatHaydar

In Digital Archive

Raja'a Al Khalili, "The Influence of Walt Whitman's Nation-Building Poetics on Kahlil Gibran: A Comparative Study", Damascus University Journal, Vol. 28, No. 3+4, 2012, pp. 101-116.
 
The following research is a comparative study of the influence of Walt Whitman on the Lebanese-American poet Gibran Kahlil Gibran. When Gibran came across the works of Walt Whitman, he found in Whitman's nation-building poetics an inspiration to reform Arabic poetry and society. Therefore, he emulated Walt Whitman's suggestive style and thematic emphasis on social and political reform. The resemblances between both poets stem from their personal involvement in building their societies and from the belief of a poet's dedication to national aspirations. They also believed that a necessary step begins by attempting to reform poetry itself. As to the differences between them, they are mainly attributed to the sense of urgency of reform which Gibran felt is necessary for the Arab world that was under a foreign rule. Gibran in his poems wanted to show his fellow countrymen that liberation should come from their inner strength. In conclusion, Gibran stands out as a unique writer of that period and appears more committed than any Arab American writer to problems in the Arab world.
 
Tags: 2012, study, WaltWhitman

In Digital Archive

Reem Mohammed Alzaid, "The Ethics of Prophecy, Utopian Dream, and Dystopian Reality: A Comparative Study of Thomas More’s Utopia and Kahlil Gibran’s The Prophet", University of Alberta (Canada), 2016. 
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The main purpose of this study is to compare Thomas More’s Utopia and Khalil Gibran’s The Prophet in relation to their context, as well as to determine how they were received by the academic community. More and Gibran created imaginary worlds in order to criticize their own communities, and to outline what could be the elements of an ideal society. They were educators who created imaginary places in order to fashion their utopian dream. Although they came from different cultures and eras, they touched on common social problems that are still relevant today in our modern society, such as materialism, fanaticism, and the restriction of individual freedom. They were concerned with what constitutes a utopian society and what are the necessary characteristics of an ideal state. Chapter one focuses on Khalil Gibran’s life and on how his personal life and historical background are reflected in his main work The Prophet. The chapter also examines the impact of his hybrid identity as a Lebanese-American immigrant on his writing. Gibran spent his life between the East and the West, and was influenced by both cultures and literatures. This chapter examines how Gibran’s biography contributed to the success of The Prophet and to what extent it is a multireligious and multicultural text. The Prophet went through a long process of gestation before it was published in English which, as now, was the universal language at the time, and which contributed enormously to the popularity of the work. Chapter two looks at More’s biography as the author of Utopia and evaluates how it can be read as a critique of England in the fifteenth century. Utopia has been interpreted in many ways given the contradictions which arise in the text which are responsible for its many ambiguities. In Book I, More appears to criticize English tradition by presenting his Utopia as an ideal commonwealth. Hythloday, the main character of the work, admires these Utopian traditions when in fact More satirizes them for these same reasons. What More criticizes in Book I corresponds to what is said to be positive in utopian society in Book II. This chapter also discusses how interpretations of Utopia differ over time and how some critics have read it as a representation of an ideal commonwealth while others have viewed it as a criticism of English society and culture. Chapter three is a comparative study of More’s Utopia and Gibran’s The Prophet and it deals with their different versions of utopia. The first part of the chapter discusses the major themes that these works have in common such as pride and how it can be destructive in a society when linked to religion or material possessions. Individual freedom is the other major topic they have in common. Both More and Gibran embrace the concept of individualism and reject the idea of a collectivist society. For them, what is destructive of a community is the repression of the individual and his desires. More’s and Gibran’s dream of Utopia, while related to their specific and different backgrounds, find a common ground in their hopes for a similar ideal society. The thesis concludes with a Conclusion that summarizes the differences and similarities between these two authors.
 
Tags: 2016, study, TheProphet, ThomasMore

In Digital Archive

Mehmet Atalay, The Idea of Balance between Spirituality and Intelligence according to Khalil Gibran, İstanbul Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 2008.
 
Tags: 2008, article, spirituality, Turkish

In Digital Archive

Nidaa Hussain Fahmi Al-Khazraji - Mardziah Hayati Abdullah - Bee Eng Wong, "Critical Reading of Gibran’s World in The Prophet", English Language and Literature Studies, Canadian Center of Science and Education, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2013. 
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Gibran Khalil Gibran (1883-1931), the Lebanese writer, poet, artist and philosopher, was the bearer of faith in the unity of all religions. He was a key figure in the history of modern EnglishandArabic literature in early 20th Century.The present paper is to show how Gibran represents the world and undesirable social practices in the time of writing his greatest book The Prophet (1923). Gibran lets the readers fell that the prophet (Al-Mustafa) doesn’t belong to this very world; he comes to Orphalese to teach humanity and to correct the society under the tenets of all major religious. Each character in The Prophet, except Al-Mustafa, resamples one member of the deformed society who seeks deliverance. Gibran shortens the process of life and its needs in the 28 texts allowing the readers take an active role to interpret and to dictate the context on oblique hints and innuendo. Gibran views the world as a place that lacks love and peace, where individuals’ life is depraved and corrupted. The most obvious, Gibran is speaking through the mouth of Al-Mustafa preaching many commandments, disciplines and rituals.
 
Tags: 2013, article, TheProphet

In Digital Archive

Homam Altabaa & Adham Hamawiya, "The Life and Works of Kahlil Gibran: A Critical Review", Asiatic, Vol. 13, No. 1, June 2019, pp. 103-118. 
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There have been numerous dedicated studies on the life and works of Kahlil Gibran (1883-1931) which is understandable due to his stature and popularity in Arabic and American literatures. Nonetheless, it has been argued that the literary establishment has not given Gibran his due credit, especially in the United States, since Gibran has attained global recognition, been translated into tens of languages and sold more volumes than all other poets of America, including Walt Whitman and T.S. Eliot. This review seeks to present an overview of the studies about Gibran and highlight, when possible, the input of these studies on the spiritual aspects in his creative writings. These studies about Gibran and his works have been written in various languages, but the focus here will be on the studies published in English and Arabic, originally or in translation.
 
Tags: 2019, article, Mahjar, study